So you think you might have a “new” picture or a tintype
of some western notable?
Maybe grandpa gave you a gun from someone notorious?
What is this thing called provenance? I receive calls and emails from folks who think they have turned up a photograph or some historical item that no one else has yet seen. Unlikely, but it could be, it does happen…
Just for starters, here are some of the issues you need to be prepared to address, to prove your case.
How did you come by the item?
Any chance that you can prove a chain of possession of the item…
from its creation (photos), or original owner (things) to your hand?
Firearms and other items…
Is there a verifiable photo of the original owner with the item?
Letters or correspondence with a business referring to the item?
Newspaper articles, factory and court records and such
help turn up ownership, serial numbers and purchase records for firearms.
Is the item marked in some unique way which identifies the original owner?
With Colts, Winchesters and some others, factory records might identify an original purchaser.
A gentleman of my acquaintance, was in possession of a Colt Revolver (of the correct vintage), which had come from his grandfather in Alaska, with a letter stating that it was the gun used to kill Soapy Smith at The Shootout on Juneau Wharf in 1898*. Problem is, the trial court of the time, did not record the serial number of the firearm, even though it was produced in court. Thus, there was insufficient provenance on the gun to bring high dollar. I read the letter, I think it is that gun. Some years back, it was sold to a bar in Tombstone, AZ. – Doc
Doc Holliday’s 1866 Remington Derringer** just turned up (2016). It had sufficient provenance with it, to prove that it really was Doc’s.
*OWDR references – below
Photographs, tintypes, etc.
Who do you think made the original? Why do you think that?
Where was it supposed to have been made?
Can you show that the subject was ever at the place
where the original was thought to have been created?
Can you demonstrate that they were there or somewhere near at the correct time?
Is the photo signed, dated or marked by a photographer or the subject?
Clothes styles, hair styles, hats, shoes/boots,
regalia, saddles & tack can all be indications of date.
These are some of the things that would constitute provenance for a photograph or any historical item; the proof and verification that it is actually as claimed.
More on Photographs…
With a photo, there will also be the various forensic opinions (anthropologists and artists) as to whether the subject is actually the person in question. Almost always, fraught with disagreement between “experts” and rarely sufficient to create high value, if it’s the only “proof” of the subjects identity. The controversy surrounding the “New” Doc Holliday** photo and the several “New” Billy the Kid*** photos are a good examples (see: references below). The court of historical opinion can be brutal.
Oh, and don’t get caught up in the thought that you must “protect” the image, lest it be stolen. If, as likely with these things, its pre-1923, it is already in the public domain and you can’t copyright it. Make a low resolution copy and put it out on the internet and see if you can get some help proving it’s what you claim it is. Understand that the value, if any, is only in the item itself, not any copies.
A copy of the tintype of Billy the Kid is out there everywhere*. Only the original in Bob McCubbin‘s Collection is worth the 1.2 million alleged to have been paid for it. There are numerous classic examples of photos of famous personages with not quite enough provenance. The outlaw Jesse Evans**** and Sioux Chief Crazy Horse***** are two that come to mind. Both photos and some others of dubious identity, can be found on Old West Daily Reader. You will also find the “newest” photo of the outlaw Jesse James.
All *’s, OWDR references – below
Note well what happened when the “New” photo of Doc Holliday* was discovered in 2015. True West Magazine did precisely what I suggest above. They put the photo out on the the internet and the response/information/discussion was huge! There is also a good current flap (2016) about the “new” Billy the Kid croquet picture. This too, published for public input. See the analysis of the “Doc Holliday” Silverton Stage photo in True West magazine of 09/2016, p. 34, and you will get a better idea of the scrutiny a photo will receive.
*Doc Holliday New Photo
Go thou and do likewise with your discovery.
Further information on these issues may be found
on my subscription Western History website.
Old West Daily Reader
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*Wk 27, 07/08/1898 – Shootout on Juneau Wharf
Photo Gallery Index – Weapons Photos Index – Firearms Photos
– Marcel’s Guns – 22nd photo – Colt SAA ’73
**PLAYERS – Timelines – Timelines A-L – Doc Holliday Timeline
***PLAYERS – Timelines – Timelines A-L – Billy the Kid Timeline
Photo Gallery Index – Billy the Kid Photos
Photo Gallery Index – Jesse James Photos
****( and: Wk. 12, 03/22/1882 – Jesse Evans
*****(see: Photo Gallery – Indian Photos – Crazy Horse
Photo Gallery Index – Weapons Photos Index – Firearms – Marcel’s Guns – 14th photo
– Wesson and Levitt 1849 .40 cal. Read Marcel’s comment on the gun’s provenance.
Photo Gallery Index – Weapons Photos Index – (300+ Old West firearms photos)
References – Dictionary – Photography in the Old West